BANWA Series A <p><em>Banwa</em> is a multidisciplinary, open-access, peer-reviewed journal published biennially by the University of the Philippines Mindanao. <em>Series A </em>publishes scholarly and creative works in the fields of arts and humanities and the social and behavioural sciences, particularly in anthropology and sociology, architecture and design, communication and media studies, history, linguistics and languages, literature and literary studies, philosophy and religious studies, and visual and performing arts. As a regional journal, <em>Series A</em> has preference for, but is not limited to, scholarly and creative works about or relevant to Mindanao.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p><p>1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p><p>2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p>3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) in the form of preprints, postprints, or the final PDF of the article once the article has been accepted for publication. (Mr. Michael Noel R. Bonghanoy) (Mr. Michael Noel R. Bonghanoy) Tue, 07 May 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Influence of Information Scanning on Dengue-Related Health Beliefs and Adherence to Prevention Practices in At-Risk Areas of Davao City, Philippines <p>Individuals learn about health from different health sources. Some of these information are encountered through their routine exposure to the media and their social referents, a process called information scanning. A number of studies that trace the impact of scanned information on health behavior support this assumption. But the role of information scanning on adherence to dengue prevention has not been fully explored among individuals in at-risk communities in the Philippines. Thus, a survey was conducted with participants (N = 404) from dengue vulnerable areas in Davao City to assess the influence of scanned information on knowledge and adherence to dengue prevention and thus shed light into the mechanisms of health persuasion. Categorical regression found information scanning (β = .292, p &lt; .005), knowledge on dengue risk and prevention (β = .142, p &lt; .05), participation in community clean-ups (β = .265, p &lt; .001), and subjective norm (β = ‒.123, p &lt; .05) to have significantly contributed to participants’ predicted adherence to dengue prevention practices. Likewise, age, education, income, and number of children are also significantly correlated to adherence, although the strength of correlation was low. The result points out the importance of ensuring the depth and breadth of scanned information and the need for messages that reinforce knowledge and beliefs which facilitate prevention behavior.</p> Nelfa M Glova, Maria Teresa R Escano ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Pre-flood Vulnerability Capacity Assessment Approach for Buildings Located in Floodplain Areas <p>This paper develops a new methodology for pre-flood vulnerability assessment approach for buildings located in floodplain urban areas of the Philippines. This method aims to provide baseline data on the location of vulnerable buildings and their flood vulnerability capacities useful in enhancing flood resistivity design and reducing potential flood damages on structures. The five-stage process of the method was tested in the floodplain areas of the Municipality of Kabacan, North Cotabato, Philippines. Results showed flood vulnerability capacities of buildings, namely, threshold, coping, recovery, and adaptive capacities, which became the basis for determining the flood vulnerability index (FVI) of the area. The determinants of vulnerability of buildings were also identified using the proposed assessment method. A map of vulnerable buildings as the final output of the proposed method targets vulnerable areas for flood emergency planning and flood risk management considerations. Further comparative studies on the use of this approach to other areas and studies to include other design parameters, flood exposure, and water flow intensity levels were recommended.</p> Myrafe L Sebastian-Ylagan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 07:40:30 +0000 Virtual Masquerade <p>Little is known about how Twitter is used for sexual engagements. This study aimed to explore the online community of anonymous accounts in Twitter called “Alter” in terms of users’ process of initial exposure and eventual involvement into the online community, the users’ typical online behavior within the virtual community, and their reasons for engaging in it. A sample of 11 men who have sex with men (MSM) who actively engage with other Alter accounts were the participants of the study’s online ethnography of the Alter community. Data were collected by means of interviews and observations. Through thematic analysis, results indicated that sexual satiation runs the online community, yet Alter has been augmented by more complex social benefits including network formation, advocacy sharing, and provision of emotional support and safe space. In sum, Alter Twitter is a tool of Filipino MSMs not just to express and search for sexual gratification but also make meaningful interactions. The Alter community affords these individuals a venue to express themselves sans the consequences to their social life should these accounts become known to people who know them outside of the Internet.</p> Samuel Brando H. Piamonte, Mark Anthony M. Quintos, Minami O. Iwayama ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 03 Jun 2020 05:46:17 +0000 Architectural Form and Meaning <p>This study explored how tangible architectural objects represent the abstract concept of power. A semiological approach to form analysis was developed to speculate how this translation process happens between the signifier (architectural object) and signified (power). Eighteen buildings located in the provinces of Mindanao, Southern Philippines, were chosen as samples of institutions mediating power from the national government to the local government units. Aided by computer software, the data gathered on-site were drafted and translated into two-dimensional drawings. The drafted building forms were then analyzed through a five-phase semiological approach (i.e., object identification, visual sensation, form perception, meaning mediation, and meaning endowment). A survey was also conducted and given to 120 randomly selected residents from the study areas to gather and explore their perceptions on the social, historical, cultural, emotional, physical, conceptual, and behavioral influence of the provincial buildings. The results show how certain architectural components (e.g., columns, roof, and ceiling) create visual qualities (e.g., symmetry, axis, scale) and gestalt properties that coincide with the physical dimensions of power (e.g., dominance, stability, authenticity). At the conceptual level, at least three collective meanings of power were attributed by the public to the provincial buildings, including the nature of power (e.g., service, leadership, oppression), the function of power (e.g., social center, point of services), and metaphor for social identity (e.g., equality among citizens, “our province”).</p> <p>Keywords: architecture · power · semiology · sign · symbol · visual quality</p> Nory Loyd Narvaez-Pernes, Mottie Idasanka P Santos ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 29 Jul 2020 05:59:19 +0000 Introduction <p>We wanted to know what some of our writers from different parts of the country have to say when they write about Mindanao, especially in the wake of the Marawi siege; the declaration and succeeding extensions of martial law; the continuing displacement of Lumad communities entangled in the war between the government and insurgents; and also, the peaceful establishment of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, all in what seemed like a very long couple of years. . . . Perhaps, the call for works about or for Mindanao need not remain in one issue. What’s certain is that Banwa will welcome more contributions that speak about our home.</p> John Bengan, Timothy R Montes, Lualhati Milan Abreu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 08:22:47 +0000 Dili Pwede Mogawas <p>Dulom ang kahaponon. Ulan na sab ni. Ang kabaw ug ang kanding nahipos na. Ang mga bag-ong sinanggi nga mais natabonan na. Nanimaho na og gas ang balay kay gisindihan na ang among gamay nga suga. Nag-aso ang abohan, timaan nga nagluto na si Mama. Kaming lima, dili pwede mogawas. Gusto unta ko mogawas kay akong atngan si Papa. Gusto ko motan-aw sa iyang dala, apan dili pwede mogawas.</p> Elizabeth Joy Serrano-Quijano ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 08:21:48 +0000 Outsider <p>Babag has not changed much in the nine years I’ve been away. The sharp tartness of nipa vinegar still welcomes me the moment I enter the barangay. The coconut trees cast long shadows on the streets. There are newly paved parts of the road now, but swamp still sprawls everywhere. The chorus of crickets and frogs, the line of firewood occasionally left on the sidewalks to dry, the half-naked children playing on the streets—it’s all the same.</p> <p>Manang Gloria greets me the moment I alight from the trisikad. She has streaks of gray in her hair now, still pulled into a tight bun that seems to almost rip her scalp. She helps me with my stuff and guides me to her house where Tatay’s wake is being held, which is only across the street from our old house. Tonight is the last vigil.</p> Ivan Khenard Acero ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 08:26:00 +0000 The B's <p>That was a good time for movies and even a better time for outrageous stories about the movies. There was this starlet who attributed the loss of her virginity to horseback riding. There was another one who swore that she only spoke Tagalog to the maids. A director wanted an actress in his film to get an acting trophy so badly it took him three days to shoot a rape scene and added two more rapists without informing his actress, making her screams sound really shrill.</p> <p>In our town, the most famous tale about a movie theater during that time was about a woman who hid a grenade inside her beehive. How the guard or any of the staff discovered it was never known. Nobody can confirm what day or what hour it happened. What remained were the hairdo and the weapon. These were two details that were enough to scare some parents to forbid their children from going to the movies with the added pacifying explanation that “these movies are eventually going to be shown on TV anyway.”</p> Douglas C Crispino ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 08:28:49 +0000 Notes on Finding Stories in Treeless Jungles <p>“The truths that we travel so far to seek are of value<br>only when we have scraped them clean of all this fungus.”<br>—Claude Levi-Strauss, <em>Tristes Tropiques</em> (1961)</p> <p>When writing from experience, it takes more than just courage to retell a story. You face the empty page and are presented with the illusion that you can just write everything down in an essay. The temptation to give all the details—the fungus as Levi-Strauss calls them—each gesture, each sigh, how people dress, their mannerisms, and the looks on their faces. However, when the task of recreating is staring back at you, you remember that not everything should be written, not every detail deserves to be mentioned. Each page is a sacred space reserved for the most significant elements that make a piece of writing work. Hence, the importance of having a notebook.</p> <p>For a project in the field, anthropologists and social scientists often use field notes to chronicle their experiences for future reference and study. These raw and unrefined notes are a source of both material and inspiration. For writers, the field is not just the distant community, or the subject of a study, it can be the empty room, the cluttered desk, the smoke-filled bar, and the crowded school halls. The field that we take stories from is the world, life itself.</p> Jade Monteverde Baylon ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 08:31:53 +0000 Kasa Saka Iba Pang Tula <p>Unang beses mapadpad ng awtor sa Mindanao noon—at hindi turismo ang nagtulak sa paglapag sa bahaging timog na ito ng Pilipinas, kundi fact-finding mission sa Kidapawan noong 2016, matapos barilin ng mga puwersa ng estado ang mga magsasakang nagbarikada upang irehistro ang kawalan ng aksyon ng gobyerno sa “hulaw” (drought), at iba pang kaugnay na isyung agraryo. Mula ang apat na piyesa ritong nailimbag sa unang pagkakataon sa manuskritong “Palusong at Iba Pang Tula” na nagwagi ng unang gantimpala sa Gawad Rogelio Sicat (2016) ng Sentro ng Wikang Filipino. Ang tulang “Palusong,” na tungkol sa Paaralang Lumad na binisita ng awtor matapos ang fact-finding, ay nasa <em>ANI 40</em> (2018), dyornal ng Cultural Center of the Philippines.</p> Tilde Acuña ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 08:55:18 +0000 Ayon: Apat na Tula <p>Muling kinikilala ng makata ang kaniyang kinalakhang rehiyon sa pamamagitan ng pagpapalawig ng mga akda tungkol sa katimugang Mindanao. Isang natuklasan niya sa proseso: rehiyon itong punô ng danas ng dahas.</p> MJ Cagumbay Tumamac ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 08:59:25 +0000 Demolisyon sa Tabing-Dagat <p>Naila sa kadaghanan ang Tabing-Dagat nga imnanan adtuanan sa mga lalaking hinginom, dili lang basta inom pakapinan pud og hapyod sa bugnaw nga basiyo sa softdrinks. Apan kung balikan nato ang dekada ‘90 dili Tabing-Dagat ang pangalan niining lugara kundili Reclamation Area. Nahimutang kini sa luyo sa Wet Market duol sa karaang Gaisano dapit sa Halang-halangan. Sa akong mahinumduman puro gyod mga kan-anan diha, anaa ang Rebleza, Hingco (tindahan sa akong lola ug lolo), Barinan, Green Leaves, Larayos, ug Five Star. Atong tuiga duha pa lang ka imnanan ang makit-an, ang Five Star ug ambot unsa tong usa nakalimot ko. Bibo pa kaayo ang dapit atbang sa daang Gaisano kay naa man diha ang Bagsakan, terminal sa Balo-i, Ditucalan ug Marawi nga karon baligyaanan na og mga kawayan nga lingkuran ug lamesa. Ang mga bata sa Reclamation puro mga anak, pagumangkon, apo ug paryente sa mga namaligyaay dihang dapita. Buot pasabot, magkailhanay ra ang mga bata. Bibo kaayo, labaw na tong pagsugod sa Wet Market, mao pay pagtisting sa perting kusugang tubig sa gripo dayong padidit sa tiles nga puti pa kaayo.</p> Delfin H Mundala, Jr ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 09:04:18 +0000 Nasaan na Kaya si Arman? <p>Hindi ko alam kung bakit hanggang ngayon palagi ko pa ring hinahanap si Arman sa isa sa malawak at maingay na siyudad ng Kamaynilaan. Dito sa Quezon City Memorial Circle nakasentro ang paghahanap ko kay Arman. Anong meron sa pangalang Arman na sa dinami-dami ng mga taong aking nakakasalamuha sa araw-araw, bakit nagbabasakaling marinig ko siyang tumatawag sa akin habang nakalatag ang mga produkto sa tabi ng daan, sumusigaw ng mga rota ng pampasaherong sasakyan, nakatambay sa daan o saan man. Si Arman na kengkoy pero matapang. Hindi kaya dahil kahulugan ng pangalan niyang Arman na Man in the army sa German at French. God’s Man naman sa Armenian, at Wish at longing naman sa Persian. Ano’t ano man ang dahilan, bakit inaalala ko pa rin ang kababatang lumisan sa sulok na aking pinagmulan - ang merkado.</p> Delfin H Mundala, Jr ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 18 Jul 2019 09:08:11 +0000 Learn to Dive in Nine Steps, More or Less <p>On my first dive in 2007, the year I moved to Davao, divemaster Mudji Mamora promised me this: “Diving will give your writing more depth.” He knew exactly what to say to convince me to let go of my old fears of the deep; I wished it would be prophetic. Maybe being a divemaster and holding a PhD in biology teaches one truths that are not available to ordinary mortals. He also assured me that he will do all the work, that I should simply enjoy myself. That should have been reassuring, but I was thirty-seven, and by then, I had learned how promises like that usually go.</p> Jhoanna Lynn B Cruz ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 19 Jul 2019 05:28:32 +0000 Hulaw (Drought) <p>This work was originally intended to join the number of works calling for justice for the victims of Kidapawan massacre in 2016. It is imperative to discuss the situation of the peasant sector in the Philippines given that they compose the majority of its population. Hence, we decided to produce this visual essay entitled “hulaw” [drought]. Its language is accessible so it could somehow serve as an illustrated primer on the agricultural situation of the farmers, the effect of environmental crisis to the most vulnerable sectors of Philippine society, and the further aggravation and destruction caused by feudalism, bureaucrat capitalism, and imperialism.</p> Tilde Acuña, China Patria De Vera, Renan Ortiz ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 22 Jul 2019 06:52:04 +0000